Essay: HCI Technology and the Concept of Super Intelligence

Essay: HCI Technology and the Concept of Super Intelligence
April 13, 2011 Comments Off on Essay: HCI Technology and the Concept of Super Intelligence Academic Papers on Information Technology,Sample Academic Papers admin

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The term Super intelligence defines the concept of an artificially enhance computer program, human brain or a device whose capabilities include a smarter, creative and wiser intelligence that is more powerful than any other computer intelligence or human brain. The uniqueness of the concept of super intelligence is the self and recursive evolutionary process that it follows to enhance its own capabilities and intelligence which could lead to an unimaginable scale. This event in the future is termed as a singularity by a large number of theorists. Though Artificial Intelligence is often touted as the path that would lead to superintelligence, there are other ways to it as well. And one of such ways includes the use of HCI and is called Brain Computer Interfacing (BCI)

3.7.1 Brain-Computer Interfacing

Brain Computer Interfacing or simple Brain Computer Interface is a direct communication path that is created between a human brain and an external device, which in most cases is a computer. The Brain-Computer Interface is also called a direct neural interface and is aimed at augmenting, facilitating or even repair of human cognition or other sensor bases motor function of the human nervous system. The first appearance of a Brain-Computer Interface in the scientific literature was made during the 1970s when an innovative research was carried out on the idea at University of California, Los Angeles. However, the field has since come a long way in its development, which has mostly been in neuroprosthetic devices aimed at correcting damage auditory, visual or mobility functions. Also, by making use of these neuroprosthetic devices such as electrode embedded into various parts of the brains of animals, the researchers have been able to obtain visuals of how animals see the world, in replicating the movements of animals into robots, produce sensation in the brain through robotic arm as well as control the movement of electronic object through brain.

There are three types of Brain Computer Interfaces which are classified on the basis of how close a sensor is planted to the human brain. In Invasive Brain-Computer Interfacing, the sensor interface is planted directly into the gray matter of the brain through neurosurgery. Since they are placed directly onto the brain, these sensor interfaces produce the highest quality of signal for processing, however, they are prone to scar tissue build up due to the fact that immune system in the human body reacts to the presence of any foreign object, which can cause the signal to weaken or even become lost. Invasive BCI technology has mostly focused on the repairing of damaged eyesight as well as restoration of mobility in persons with paralysis. An example of successful installation and working of invasive Brain-Computer Interface include the installation of implants on Jens Neumann brain in order to restore his eyesight. There is also the example of Johnny Ray who was a patient suffering from “locked-in syndrome” in order to restore his mobility. Ray was installed with implants in 1998, and lived long enough to learn to work without the implants. Matt Nagle was another patient suffering from the paralysis that was installed with BCI and became the first person to control an artificial hand using the interface. The 96 electrode Brain Gate implant, allowed Nagle to control a robotic arm just by thinking about it. He also used the interface to control a computer cursor, lights, and TV.

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