Essay: Perspective of Policing
Essay: Perspective of Policing
This fact when applied to policing holds true to large police organization, however, for smaller police departments, intelligence post are usually reserved for those who are least effective in policing or are close to retirement. Management is the core process that drives a knowledge society, since a knowledge society is one with an organization. When this ideology is put into action in the area of policing, it spawns troubles as in reality the police officers who perform field operations have little acceptance for non-uniformed staff sitting above them and telling them what to do (Williamson 2008). The notion of networks, on the other hand, defines a cluster, hierarchy within the organization of police. Networks refers to a highly coordinated assemblages supported by communication and transportation networks, however, in reality a network can be much more complex (Williamson 2008).
Many of the researchers emphasize the fact that the model of networked policing is much more beneficial than the traditional approach which has severe limitations introduced due to the involvement of bureaucracies as well as selfishness of the markets to take all the advantage for themselves. In the absence of any requirements introduced due to hierarchy or contracts, trust allows the connection between different agencies to be held together (Williamson 2008). Though a high amount of trust is not a requirement for a lot of networks to remain efficient, but with the growth of uncertainty and more put at stake, trust protect the network against damage occurring from mistakes and problems created by members of the network. In addition, with the help of trust, social actors are also able to figure out reasonable expectations for the activities of their colleagues and it also promotes collaboration among them (Tilly 2005).
In networks, trust occurs in the form of an attitude or relationship, attitude themselves being results of multiple relationships to a certain extent. In relationships on the other hand, is far from monolithic, and it is necessary to distinguish between different degrees of trust, which can range for fragile or resilient. While fragile trust may increase the transaction cost as it requires the calculation of risks by both parties, resilient trust increases its chance of survival by making an assumption on commonality of interest and convergence of beliefs (Smith Ring 1996). An example that can be given in this regard to comprehend this concept from the perspective of policing is of a security network, in which police departments as well as local authorities work together to battle crime. This partnership makes use of the fragile trust because of the fact that the collaboration between police and local authorities is heterogeneous in nature and requires a regular dialogue among the bigger and smaller partners to overcome any problems. An example of resilient trust can be a transnational police network, in which various police department fight the same enemy and poses identical occupational traditions (Williamson 2008). The building of trust, also allows the networks to sustain longer as it also increase their ability of gain, convert and spread “knowledge” as well as “information” (Williamson 2008). In contrast to traditional policing models, the network allows the information to be acquired directly by the members who have its requirement, thus increasing the speed as well as reach of “information dissemination” (Williamson 2008). However, when working with sensitive information, the structure of the networks can become a liability (Office of Inspector General 2006).