Managing Diabetic Retinopathy

Managing Diabetic Retinopathy
03/08/2017 Comments Off on Managing Diabetic Retinopathy Academic Papers on Health and Medicine,Sample Academic Papers admin

The thing that diabetic patients fear the most is a loss of their eyesight. Most Ophthalmologists recommend that the patient should undergo screening for retinopathy accompanied by an all-inclusive examination within 3-5 years after being diagnosed with diabetes After that, diabetic patients should have their eyes examined less frequently, say 2-3 years patients with normal results, but annually for patients with progressive diabetes. Pregnant women suffering from diabetes must undergo a complete eye examination within the first trimester of their pregnancy. The eyes have many consistent and interconnected sequences of biochemical reactions which are involved in the person’s metabolic process.

Evidence-based treatment that has been reported from clinical studies carried out over a period of thirty years report that blindness can be prevented blindness by more than 90%.  Patients suffering from diabetic retinopathy do not usually suffer extensive sight deterioration and the damage can easily be corrected. More elderly people suffer from diabetic retinopathy than younger diabetics. Bringing in changes in a person’s lifestyle such as reducing blood pressure, smoking and lowering high cholesterol all help in preventing diabetic retinopathy because these changes stop the progression of diabetes. Controlling the amount of sugar in the blood also reduces the risk of diabetic retinopathy.

Hardening tissue with a high energy laser source can be successfully used for patients who have diabetic macular edema, severe non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy or proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Surgery inside the eyeball can be done on patients with vitreous hemorrhage and retinal disentanglement. In the initial period of diabetic retinopathy no symptoms are visible so occasional eye examinations are necessary to detect the problem. Symptoms are only visible when there is bleeding in the eye(s) or the retina becomes detached. With the occurrence of this vitreous internal bleeding, a person sees small black sports that appear before the eye.

Sudden or uncontrolled bleeding might result in rapid blurring of vision and the Detachment of the Retina usually results in a dark shadow within his vision and sudden loss of eyesight. Changes in the structure of the blood vessels in the eyes usually lead to loss of vision because of the closure of the blood vessels that supply blood to the eyes. Tissues that are damaged or scarred also cause distorted and fuzzy vision. People suffering from diabetes can effectively take steps to prevent diabetic retinopathy from progressing and growing worse. This includes having regular eye examinations and keeping blood sugar and blood pressure normal and under control. Blood sugar levels are considered to be normal and under control when glucose in the blood is less than 7 percent.

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