Research on Coronavirus

How does infection happen?

Infection is transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person through the smallest droplets of saliva or mucus that are released during sneezing, coughing a conversation. Contact transmission is also possible.

Symptoms

Depending on the specific type of pathogen, the symptoms can vary significantly, both in severity and in combination options.

  • Temperature rise
  • Chills, general malaise, weakness, headache, muscle pain
  • Decreased appetite, nausea and vomiting are possible
  • Conjunctivitis (possibly)
  • Diarrhea (possible)

On average, the disease lasts about 5 days. If the temperature lasts longer, complications may have occurred.

Complications

  • Pneumonia
  • Encephalitis, Meningitis
  • Pregnancy complications, development of fetal pathology
  • Exacerbation of chronic diseases

The treatment of the disease is carried out under the supervision of a doctor who, only after examining the patient, prescribes a treatment regimen and gives other recommendations. The sick person must observe bed rest, eat fully and drink more fluid.

Antibiotics

Taking antibiotics in the early days of the disease is a big mistake. Antibiotics are not able to cope with the virus, in addition, they adversely affect the normal micro flora. Only a doctor prescribes antibiotics, only in case of complications caused by the attachment of a bacterial infection. It is dangerous and useless to take antibacterial drugs as a prevention of complications.

A sick person should stay at home and not create a threat of infection to others.

Prevention

The most effective way to prevent influenza is to vaccinate annually. The composition of the flu vaccine changes annually. First of all, vaccination is recommended for those at risk. The optimal time for vaccination is October-November. Vaccination of children against influenza is possible, starting from 6 months of age.

Vaccines against most pathogens of acute respiratory viral infections have not been developed.

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