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Spatial and Social Mobility
Spatial and Social Mobility
Upon summarizing different event under one term mobility advocates that these events are interlinked with each other and therefore, can be treated as a single notion. This statement has given rise to a number of questions such as what type of association exists between social and spatial mobility. Should the researchers also involve social mobility while measuring spatial mobility as a consequence, as a cause or as the manifestation of the identical social process? Is any statistical correlation exists between social mobility and spatial mobility?
Responses to such inquiry depend upon the opinions of the individuals. In order to establish a strong correlation between social and spatial mobility, it is essential to take into consideration the process of modernization in South Asian countries across three hundred years. In the recent times, there has been significant increase observed in both occurrences of both types of mobilities for the reason that both are the manifestations of the processes of individualization and modernization. The phenomenon of individualization states that have attained a greater degree of freedom that enables them to travel both spatially and socially. Mobility is also fostered by the technological advancements that take place within the progression of modernization. This is the aspect that is frequently mentioned by different theories and it enforces the theorists to treat all phenomena of mobility under a single term. Yet, this correlation is valid to micro-level and it does signify the linkage between contemporary societies.
Spatial mobility is generally, allied with career progression. Although not much relevant data or empirical evidence is present to support this alliance, it has been considered credible over several decades. In general, it can be put forward that any change in employment is associated with the amendment in work location. In a large-sized organization, this concept can be even applied to change in position. Furthermore, a change in the workplace yet, again signifies that the new work location is at a distance from the residing areas and therefore, the worker needs to be relocated to a nearby location. This gives rise to the concept that recurrent amendments in the job location or job natures are correlated to the phenomena of spatial mobility. In the era of 1950s and 1960s, the career progressions were reflected by the change in position or employment and this era was noted as the period of steady and strong economic growth in the majority of the South Asian countries. In addition, the majority of the organizations that were operative in this era rarely experienced closure or the outsourcing of operations to Asian countries. The changes in the employment nature were chiefly the preference of the employees for career growth. In this context, social mobility towards upwards was the chief reason for spatial mobility.
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